• home
  • database
  • search
  • charts
  • gallery
  • about
  • background

HealthcareLCA

beta

A DATABASE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS WITHIN HEALTHCARE

Primum non nocere

Explore database

Database summary

HealthcareLCA

2,309 impact values, 1,191 products or processes, 559 authors, 252 institutions, 139 data sources, 80 countries, 20 years

From individual pharmaceuticals to entire health systems, researchers around the world are working hard to assess the environmental impacts of different aspects of healthcare.

HealthcareLCA serves as an up-to-date repository for this work, bringing together new and existing assessments into one centralized and publicly accessible database.

In support of a rapid and evidence-based transition toward sustainable health systems, we provide open-access to all of our data and charts.

Learn more.

Cumulative number of data sources and products and processes

HealthcareLCA currently includes impact estimates for over 1,000 healthcare products or processes from more than 100 data sources

— Running total

View figure

Geographical distribution of products and processes

HealthcareLCA currently includes impact estimates for products or processes in more than 80 countries. The United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia are the countries with the most case studies.

— global coverage

View figure

Scale of analysis among data sources

Healthcare's environmental impacts can be examined at different scales. Most data sources to date have focused on healthcare equipment, pharmaceuticals, and procedures.

— assessment category

View figure

Geographical distribution of author institutions

HealthcareLCA currently includes research from more than 400 author institutions, with most based in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia.

— global coverage

View figure

Accumulation of data sources by country income category

The vast majority of impact assessments within healthcare have been undertaken in countries considered to have high income economies.

— global coverage

Accumulation of data sources by world region

HealthcareLCA includes research from study sites around the globe. The majority of assessments are specific to Europe and Central Asia, as well as North America.

— global coverage

View figure

Healthcare field assessed among data sources

Environmental impacts can be assessed within different healthcare fields. Most data sources focus on medicine or surgery, and many assess products or processes that are not specific to any particular field.

— healthcare field

View figure

Disciplinary coverage among data sources

The most studied healthcare disciplines with the HealthcareLCA database include anesthesiology, emergency medicine, and intensive care; infectious disease; and respirology.

— healthcare specialties

View figure

Environmental impact categories assessed

References within the HealthcareLCA database assess a broad range of environmental parameters, with global warming potential, eutrophication potential, ozone depletion potential, acidification potential among the most studied impact categories.

— environmental parameters

View figure

Type of activity data utilized by data sources

HealthcareLCA incorporates references that utilize different methods to assess environmental impacts. The majority of data sources take a bottom-up assessment approach, utilizing process activity data.

— methodology

View figure

Type of publication

HealthcareLCA includes a broad range of publication types, including peer-reviewed journal articles, reports, commentaries, theses, & conference proceedings.

— data sources

View figure

Inventory databases utilized

Data sources within the HealthcareLCA database draw upon a wide variety of life cycle inventory (LCI) databases in order to obtain crucial data to support their analysis. Among data sources that report which inventory database(s) they used, Ecoinvent, DEFRA, ELCD, and GaBi were the most common.

— methodology

View figure

Characterization methods utilized

Among data sources that describe how environmental impacts were characterized, TRACI , ReCiPe, IPCC, and CML were the most commonly used impact assessment methods.

— environmental parameters

View figure

Life cycle assessment software utilized

Among data sources that report using a specific software for conducting their analysis, SimaPro, GaBi, and TRACI were the most commonly used.

— methodology

View figure

Analytical techniques utilized

References employ different analytical techniques to help interpret findings. The most common analyses undertaken involve comparing similar systems (e.g. reusable and disposable equipment) or exploring the contributions of different processes or activities to overall impact

— environmental parameters

View figure

Scientific journals with the most references

The Journal of the Cleaner Production has published more healthcare-related environmental assessments than any other journal included within the HealthLCA database.

— journals

View figure

Most published authors

The HealthcareLCA database includes data sources published by more than 500 authors. Here we present those authors who have published the most articles thus far.

— authors

View figure

— data visualization

Explore our interactive
charts

Explore charts

— navigate

Explore the HealthcareLCA database

Explore database

— view

Visit the HealthcareLCA gallery

Explore gallery