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Environmental impacts of healthcare for seven parameters as a percentage of total global impact

Figure note: chart reproduced from Lenzen et al., 2020 (Figure 1) with minor modifications (i.e. country-specific impacts not shown, scale is slightly different; refer to original copyright if interested in using this material). Impact contributions from healthcare to seven environmental parameters are reported as a percentage of total global impact (y-axis) with data specific to 2015.

Suggested citation:  Lenzen M, Malik A, Li M, Fry J, Weisz H, Pichler PP, Chaves LS, Capon A, Pencheon D. The environmental footprint of health care: a global assessment. The Lancet Planetary Health. 2020 Jul 1;4(7):e271-9.

First published: January 7, 2021

Last updated: March 23, 2023

Global healthcare impacts